A few CLI (command line interface) commands you should know.
This way you can open the konsole/shell (the icon looks like a monitor/tv with a black screen) & switch to root without having to log out, then back in as root.
ls=list (list directory)
pico is a text editor that comes with linux (think every distro has it install by default) so to edit a text file just type pico filename. If you have a different text editor you want to use & it is installed just type the name of it then the filename.
CPU types & architectures
IA32= Intel architecture 32 bit
IA64= Intel architecture 64 bit
AMD64= AMD architecture 64 bit
I never see AMD32, so for 32 bit AMD CPUs get IA32, & to get the architecture look at the hardware info it will tell you.
Installing .rpm files in the GUI. (Graphical user interface)
Ok this is really not hard, all you do is click a .rpm & it asks for root password, then you are in the installer.
Modem devices in linux.
Device specifies to which port your modem is connected. ttyS0, ttyS1, etc., refer to serial ports and usually correspond to COM1, COM2, etc., in DOS/Windows. ttyACM0 and ttyACM1 refer to USB ports.
One of my apps. won't open as plain user.
This all has to do with permissions, make sure the plain user owns it, & the users group. It happened to me once with Mozilla, it took me a few to find out what was wrong.
Winmodems & linux
If you don't have a hardware modem look at the website above, but for a newbie I would just go buy a hardware modem.
Booting a system, with windows & linux
The thing here is to make sure windows is first & the default OS to boot in your bootloader setup, all the newbie friendly distros (SuSE, Mandrake, & Redhat) will have a GUI setup tool in their control center.
Mounting your windows drive in linux
First make a mount point, mkdir /mnt/mountpoint then open fstab as root. Open konsole/shell type su then root password, go to the directory fstab is in (in /etc) type cd /etc then ls to get a list. Then type pico fstab, or you can just pico /etc/fstab after changing to root. This is the line in my fstab to to mount & have complete access to my windows storage drive /dev/hdb1 /mnt/data vfat user,users,umask=0 0 0 if you want to mound a ntfs drive just add that instead of vfat. To mount a ntfs drive, your kernel needs to support it. Redhat 9 doesn't support NTFS, NTFS support is read-only anyway writing is not safe.
Drive partitions in linux
I just started my blog to help those new to linux coming from windows. Ok as I find out about how to work in Linux I will add info here. I won't add something until I am sure about it. Drive partitions in linux are like this hd*# * is the letter # is the number. So hda1 is drive one, partition 1. SCSI & SATA.
but can depend on the controller (SCSI is alwys sd*#) drives are sd*#.